November 13, 2019 — Report


Pat Knight
Erin Camp, PhD
Divita Bhandari
Jamie Hall
Melissa Whited
Ben Havumaki
Avi Allison
Nina Peluso
Tim Woolf

About one-third of U.S. households report that lack of affordable access to energy is a major challenge. Energy insecurity is encountered even more frequently among older adults and households of color. As
electrification of transportation and heating systems advances, it will be increasingly important to maintain affordable electric service for all consumers, particularly the most vulnerable, and to leverage
the opportunity to transition volatile transportation fuel costs toward lower-cost electricity with
consumer protections.